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Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei (1564 - 1642)

 

 

While Kepler was developing his 3 laws of motion from Tycho Brahe's data (and later shown to be derivable from Newton's 3 laws of force) Galileo Galilei was lecturing at the University of Padua and strongly espousing Copernicus’ model. Using the just-invented (and by him greatly enhanced, page 260) telescope, Galileo observed that the moon has mountains and valleys, the Sun has dark spots, Jupiter has four moons that move with it, Venus has a full cycle of phases like the Moon, and that the Milky Way is composed of a multitude of stars invisible to the naked eye.

All of this flew in the face of Aristotle’s and Ptolemy’s perfect, earth-centered universe. Ordered by the Inquisition of 1616 not to hold the Copernican view of the universe, Galileo nevertheless persisted. In 1633 he was condemned to life imprisonment for his views, the sentence sympathetically carried out as a life-long house arrest. On October 31, 1992, 350 years after Galileo’s death, Pope John Paul II admitted that errors had been made in the case of Galileo. Although he declared that the case was closed, he never admitted that the Catholic Church was wrong in convicting Galileo of heresy because he believed that the Earth revolved around the Sun.

This Galileo Galilei page and much of this 600-page website are excerpted from the personalized Fine Art Book You and the Universe.

 

 

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© Carl Woebcke: Galileo Galilei and the History of Astronomy-Astrology, 1991-2017. All rights reserved.